Valuation of Recreational Services in Rajaji National Park, Uttrakhand

Valuation of Recreational Services in Rajaji National Park, Uttrakhand

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The recreational services such as scenic, aesthetic, and wildlife of Rajaji National Park (RNP), Uttrakhand are tremendous, thus, provide opportunities for eco-tourism to national and international tourists. This book attempts to quantify the recreational services of the Rajaji National Park, Uttrakhand. The study also examines the payment behavior of park visitors against the services of park. The relevant information has been collected through questionnaire by interview with the visitors. The recreational value of RNP was estimated using the travel cost method (TCM). The existence value (31 millions) of the park is the rest amount enters into the market economy i.e. cost of travel. Therefore, it may be concluded that the total value of the park is large in the context of social value.

Effects of Mitragyna speciosa in an Animal Model

Effects of Mitragyna speciosa in an Animal Model

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Mitragyna speciosa Korth is one of the species of plant used by locals especially in Thailand and Malaysia in treating diarrhea, worm infestations and acts as an analgesic and antipyretic. There is scarcity of information in the literature regarding to toxicity, pharmacology and behaviour effect of this indigenous medicinal herb. Therefore, this study was conducted to determine the acute toxicity level of Mitragyna speciosa Korth methanol extract (MS) in vivo, to evaluate cognitive functions of rats after acute exposure of MS using avoidance tasks and to delineate the effect of MS in inducing neuronal potentiation of rats’ hippocampus cells using extracellular recording.

Detection of anti-ADAMTS13 antibodies in patients with TTP

Detection of anti-ADAMTS13 antibodies in patients with TTP

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Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) is a life-threatening disease caused by a deficiency in ADAMTS13 which in the acquired form is provoked by autoantibodies against this protease. The main objective of this work was to study the pathophysiologic and prognostic value of anti-ADAMTS13 antibodies in patients with acquired TTP. The surveyed antibody profile revealed the presence of mainly IgG followed by IgA and IgM antibodies. IgG1-4 and IgA ADAMTS13-specific immune complex (ICs) were detected. IgG4 was the most prevalent IgG subclass, present either as free antibody or as ICs. IgG antibodies in combination with high inhibitor titers at disease presentation were associated with persistence of undetectable ADAMTS13 activity in clinical remission. TTP patients with high IgG4 and undetectable IgG1 levels were more prone to relapse than patients with low IgG4 and detectable IgG1 levels suggesting that IgG4 could be a useful biomarker for identification of patients at risk of disease recurrence. The comprehensive characterization of anti-ADAMTS13 antibodies as well as circulating ADAMTS13-specific ICs may contribute to a better understanding of the mechanisms leading to acquired TTP

Побочные эффекты

Побочные эффекты

Автор: Вуди Аллен

Вуди Аллен — легендарный американский кинорежиссер, писатель, сценарист и продюсер, награжденный четырьмя статуэтками «Оскар», «Золотым львом» Венецианского кинофестиваля, «Пальмовой ветвью пальмовых ветвей» Каннского и другими почетными премиями. В 2005 году профессионалы, работающие в жанре комедии, присудили Аллену третье место среди лучших комиков всех времен. Писать юмористические пьесы и рассказы Аллен начал еще подростком. В одном интервью он признался: «Я всегда говорю, что я стал писать раньше, чем научился читать». В семнадцать он уже сотрудничает с популярными журналами «Нью-Йоркер», «Плейбой», «Эвергрин», сочиняет скетчи, выступает как актер-комик в ночных клубах, пишет пьесы для бродвейских театров. Классик мирового кино, Аллен продолжает публиковать свои рассказы в лучшем литературном журнале Америки «Нью-Йоркер». Смешные, полные иронии и сарказма, пародий и гротеска, они вышли отдельными книгами: «Сводя счеты», «Побочные эффекты» и «Без перьев». Один из рассказов, «Образ Сиднея Кутельмаса…», отмечен престижной премией «О’Генри».

Diet, ethnicity and the metabolic syndrome

Diet, ethnicity and the metabolic syndrome

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The South Asian population in the United Kingdom has been reported to be at high risk of developing cardiovascular diseases and type 2 diabetes. These two chronic diseases are the end result of a condition known as the metabolic syndrome. Although metabolic syndrome and its association to dietary patterns has been reported in various studies, most research has focused on Western countries and ethnic minority populations have been overlooked to a great extent. Using detailed dietary information the objective of this work was to describe the dietary patterns of South Asians and to investigate their association with metabolic syndrome risk factors. Further, the study aimed to recognize lifestyle risk factors associated to ethnicity including religion, acculturation, education level and income. Although results were in accordance with the existing literature in terms of diet composition, the examination of additional risk factors demonstrates the importance of developing public health prevention strategies tailored to the different minority ethnic groups in the UK’s heterogeneous population.

Global Beginner: Coursebook

Global Beginner: Coursebook

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Global is a ground-breaking 6-level adult course for today’s learners of English. It enables you to learn English as it is used in our globalised world, to learn through English using information-rich topics and texts, and to learn about English as an international language.